OpenMandriva Lx - Quick Start

, by Garatti Davide

1- FEATURES OpenMandriva Lx 3

ProgramReleaseNote
Kernel "4.6.5" "nrjQL"
KDE "5.6.5"
Libreoffice "5.2"
Firefox "48.0"
Java "1.7/1.8"
Amarok "2.8.90"
Digikam "5.0.0"
Gimp "2.8.18"
hplip "3.16.5"
Glibc "2.23"
rpm "5.4.15"
Usefull Link:
Home page http://www.openmandriva.org
Forum http://forums.openmandriva.org
Bugzilla http://issues.openmandriva.org/
Mirror Status http://downloads.openmandriva.org/mm/
Release Note https://wiki.openmandriva.org/en/Re...

The ISO can be put on USB sticks thanks to hybrid ISO, see relative paragraph

2- Installation of the basic system

OpenMandriva Lx 3 came with the new installer “Calamares”, with a complete UEFI support, so you will be able to install with or without UEFI, then you will found SDDM for a new login screen

2.1- Flow diagram of installation

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2.2- Installing the Operating System

Set the BIOS’s option “PNP OS installed” = NO

NOTE: To access the BIOS press the specified key on the screen during the earliest phases of system startup.
The buttons can usually be F10, DEL—depends on the BIOS manufacturer.

If you have a device with UEFI BIOS it is better to make sure, via Internet, on any procedures to install a new operating system.
Also check any issues about Secure Boot option.

2.2.1- Downloading the ISO images

The ISO images for the installation of OpenMandriva Lx can be found on the official site
http://www.openmandriva.org

The ISO file will also be accessible directly through the various mirrors
The state of the mirror can be checked via the following link

http://downloads.openmandriva.org/mm/

(What you download is an ISO image of OpenMandriva Lx, keeping in mind which will be compatible with your system.For example, is your system 32 (i586) or 64 bit (x86_64)?

The ISO Image is to be burned on a DVD media or loaded into a USB device .

Typically you have a choice of “write the ISO image to CD or DVD” in your burning program .

NOTE
It is always a good idea to download the small text file which contains the MD5 checksum.
For Lx3 you can find all the MD5 strings here:
https://forum.openmandriva.org/t/openmandriva-lx-3-0-checksum/629

Usually programs’ burning have the possibility to check the checksum on the downloaded ISO file.
If it is not so, or you are going to insert ISO file into a USB stick, then you can use the command “md5sum .iso” and then check with that downloaded from the site.
If the string matches the download, then it was successful without errors. If not, trying re-downloading the files from the internet .

Coming from Windows, you can download a free program from http://www.winmd5.com/ to perform the calculation and subsequent verification.

I council to burn the ISO image to DVD at a low speed (8x - 10x), especially if you are using rewritable media .

Set the ISO to USB Pen

The ISO can be inserted into a USB stick with ability = or > to 2G in the usual way :

1 ) Download the ISO image of OpenMandriva Lx you want.
2 ) Insert the usb stick , verify what device has been engaged, with the dmesg command (you have to look for sdb , sdc , or otherwise) .
remember the device name without taking into account the number.
The device must not be mounted.
4 ) Go to the directory that contains the ISO image
5 ) Become Administrator ( su )
6 ) Give the command:

dd if=OpenMandrivaLx.3.0-PLASMA.x86_64.iso of =/dev/sdx bs=4M

Where:
OpenMandrivaLx.3.0-PLASMA.x86_64.iso is the name of the ISO file you downloaded
/dev/sdx is the device associated to your USB stick

so for example :
dd if=/home/[insert user name here]/Download/OpenMandrivaLx-3.x86_64.iso of=/dev/sdx bs=4M

The USB pen obtained, can be used to perform installations , or just try OpenMandriva.

NOTE: While OpenMandriva Lx can be installed in system with at least 1GB of memory, to use the Live mode you must have 1,5GB or more of ram, 2GB are recommended for optimal performance

Note:
If you do not have a Linux system to perform the procedure or you prefer a convenient graphical interface , you can use the program developed by Rosalab called :

Rose - ImageWriter

you can download it from the following link:

http://wiki.rosalab.ru/en/index.php...

and it is available for the following Operating System

  • for Windows ™ (3.6 Mb)
  • for Linux 32 -bit (11.7 Mb)
  • for Linux 64 -bit (11.6 Mb)
  • for Mac ® OS X (7.7 Мб )

Simply select the ISO and the USB device ... and you press the “Write”

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2.2.2- Installing directly from Live DVD / USB

Insert the DVD or USB flash drive on which you downloaded the ISO image and boot the system.

Press the function key to launch the boot menu that now all PCs have, which allows you to select the device from which to boot, usually ’ “F8” .
In the case your PC is dated, you need to set the BIOS to external media from CD / DVD / USB or E-SATA .

3- OpenMandriva Lx Try or Install

The installation of OpenMandriva Lx 3 is very simple, and results in a time varying between 10 and 25 minutes .... depending on the performance of the PC and the reader / writer used during installation.

The first screen allows you to choose the type of boot available,
refer to the two methods of “direct installation” or “post-installation”, plus a section about troubleshooting, as well as for disk and memory controls.

Start OpenMandriva Lx in live mode
Install OpenMandriva Lx
Boot from UEFI images
troubleshooting
Other

The first entry starts OpenMandriva in Live mode (only memory )
and the others two entries will be used to directly install our new operating system.
If you do not have a too old system, use the second option (default). if you have any problem to install with this option, you can try with the fourth option that open a new select section with.

Install OpenMandriva Lx basic graphics mode
.....

In this chapter we will see how to install the OS directly, then choose the item:

3.1- Install OpenMandriva Lx

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You will need to wait some time for the start of a base of support to the installation program:

Here are the steps in sequence:
Now it will start the new Installation tool CALAMARES.

1 ) Select your language, press NEXT

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2 ) Choose the Time Zone ( you can click directly on your state)
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3 ) select the appropriate layout of the keyboard, and press Next (you can try to be sure)
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4) Now you have to choose what do you want to do with your HD
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4.A) OpenMandrivaLx space will be get from a partition shrink
4.B) OpenMandrivaLx will use e previous installation of OpenMandriva
4.C) OpenMandrivaLx will use the entire space available on the HD
4.D) Manual partitioning by you

5) Now you have to fill all the data for account information

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Please note that if you want to have a root account you have to remove the selection from “Use the same password for the administrator account” and it will be displayed new field for it.
When you have finished press NEXT

6) Little presentaion of OpenMandriva Association

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7) Now you can see a report with all the modification you are making to your system.
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Please check all the modification before press Next
8 ) Press “Install now” to start the real installation.
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Installation will start......

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If you do not have others Operating System or you do not have special needs, partitioning the disk using the “Erase and use entire disk” option.

This simplified display will be very useful in case of re-installation (with partitions already made​​) or installation on an empty disk.

I would still recommend always the third option "Custom Partitioning" with which we have the following advantages:
  1. Increased awareness, of the operations that we are making.
  2. The ability to have a more accurate management of the various partitions and hard disks, which are present in the computer.

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This program is very intuitive, just click on one partition and see in addition to the various information about it, you’ll see the commands you can use, such as the “EDIT” to “DELETE” or “CREATE” , etc...

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If you are using MBR partition table you need to create, at least:

  • A root partition, with mounting point set to “/” (EXT4 file-system - [*])
  • A swap partition, with a size typically double the RAM. If you have 512MB or more, you can set the size of the swap partition to the value of the ram installed.

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then:

RAM (MB)Swapnote
<512 RAM x 2
512M 512MB
1G 512MB or 1G  [**]
>1G 512MB or 1G  [**]
>1G equal to the installed memory  [**]
only to allow hibernation

What we need to do is essentially assign to all partitions, even those “Windows®” a mount point (mount). It ’absolutely necessary to have a Linux partition with mount point “/”

CAREFUL NOT PERFORM ANY OTHER ACTIONS ON Windows® PARTITIONS (Press Only “POINT OF MOUNT” and assign a path /mnt /windows or /mnt/disco_C rather than /Disk_C or /Disk_D.)

In case you want to use the swap for hibernation process, set the swap memory to exactly the same amount of memory installed in the system, for example if you have 4G RAM, then set 4G of memory swap .
Swap =1G is fine for normal use

I remind you that in case you had already set the swap to a lower value, and you want to still use or you want just try the hibernate process, you can use a swap file.

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread....

Some prefer to create a partition “/home” ( EXT4 file system ) which will house the default directories of the users. You should do it in case you want to leave intact your documents and settings.

It is a good idea to create a backup of your data (possibly in another partition or better still another disk if available, and given that , personally, I prefer to see the default settings of the new versions of KDE and OpenMandriva Lx, it has become my habit to not use a separate partition for /home.
Make your choice based upon your needs.

If you have space you can create partitions for backups or a partitions with FAT32/NTFS filesystem to share files among Windows ®, and Linux .
This is to facilitate the ability to view your files while you are using Windows® , since Windows® cannot read EXT4 partitions, while Linux can read Windows® FAT32/NTFS ones.

NOTE: # Name of the devices EIDE (PATA) and SATA #
The names of the devices depend on the type of interface and the type of controller (PATA and SATA), usually the HD and CD / DVD drive connected to the EIDE interfaces are devices hooked to HDx. Where x stands for the first letter available .
This means that, in the case of two connected HD PATA IDE interface 0 and two CD-ROM on the first IDE interface, we have the following devices:

PATA (IDE)Mater/SlaveDevices
IDE 0 Master hda
IDE 0 Slave hdb
IDE 1 Master hdc
IDE 1 Slave hdd

SATA disks use the devices instead Sdx and then if we had another SATA disk device that would be attached to the SDA.
In both cases, the next number in the sequence of letters specifies the partition on the hard, pay attention because these numbers can also be non-contiguous.

You can also manage the partition by clicking on that or selection it and press Edit

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Always from here you will be able to change the boot loader installation
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or change the partition table (MBR and GPT)
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When you have completed the partitioning process press “Next”.

A new window will remember to you which partition will be formatted, please pay attention it is the right one.

Start the installation of the system, we’ll just have to wait for a time that depends on the overall performance of the system on which you are installing OpenMandriva Lx 3

Note: If you are installing the Operating System On an E-Sata HD then outside, or if you have a bay for more HD, remember to select the boot device for it.

In this way you can use the PC’s boot manager to select the device, without affecting in any way the main HD / internal.

In the next chapter I’m going to start OpenMandriva Lx in Live mode

3.2- Start OpenMandriva Lx in live mode

NOTE: To use the Live you must have at least 1.5 G of ram

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You will need to wait some time for the start of a base of support to the installation program:

Here are the steps in sequence:
1 ) Select your language, press NEXT

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2 ) Accept the license agreement, then press OK
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3 ) Choose the Time Zone
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4 ) Select the correct time
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5 ) select the appropriate layout of the keyboard, and press Next
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Now you will be in your OpenMandriva Lx Desktop
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If you are thinking to try this Distribution you are already able to do it
If you are thinking OpenMandriva Lx could be your new Linux Distribution then you can start the installation using the Install Icon on the desktop

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and press on Continue Button on
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Now it will start the new Installation tool CALAMARES.

1 ) Select your language, press NEXT

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2 ) Choose the Time Zone ( you can click directly on your state)
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3 ) select the appropriate layout of the keyboard, and press Next (you can try to be sure)
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4) Now you have to choose what do you want to do with your HD
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4.A) OpenMandrivaLx space will be get from a partition shrink
4.B) OpenMandrivaLx will use e previous installation of OpenMandriva
4.C) OpenMandrivaLx will use the entire space available on the HD
4.D) Manual partitioning by you

5) Now you have to fill all the data for account information

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Please note that if you want to have a root account you have to remove the selection from “Use the same passw0rd for the administrator account” and it will be displayed new field for it.
When you have finished press NEXT

6) Little presentation of OpenMandriva Association

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7) Now you can see a report with all the modification you are making to your system.
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Please check all the modification before press Next
8 ) Press “Install now” to start the real installation.
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Installation will take some minutes to prepare your system.

Footnotes

[*The type of file system is a personal choice. The default is currently EXT4, but feel free to try the others.

[**It is not necessary to go beyond the 1GB , however, given the current capacity of the disks , if you want you can increase the size of the swap partition up to 2G or more, feel free.